1997 Regular Session
By: Representative Livingston
House Bill 598
AN ACT TO AMEND SECTION 29-3-81, MISSISSIPPI CODE OF 1972, TO PROVIDE FOR THE LEASING OF SIXTEENTH SECTION LAND CLASSIFIED AS AGRICULTURAL LAND AND TO GRANT THE EXISTING LEASEHOLDER CERTAIN RIGHTS; TO PROVIDE FOR SHORT-TERM LEASES UNDER CERTAIN CIRCUMSTANCES; AND FOR RELATED PURPOSES.
BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF MISSISSIPPI:
SECTION 1. Section 29-3-81, Mississippi Code of 1972, is amended as follows:
29-3-81. (1) Sixteenth section lands, or any lands granted in lieu of sixteenth section lands, classified as agricultural, shall not be leased for a longer term than five (5) years; * * * however, such lands may be leased for the cultivation of rice, or pasturage, for a term not to exceed ten (10) years. All leases of land classified as agricultural shall be for a term to expire on December 31. It shall be the duty of the board of education to lease the sixteenth section or lieu lands at public contract after having advertised same for rent in a newspaper published in the county or, if no newspaper is published in the county, then in a newspaper having a general circulation therein, for two (2) successive weeks, the first being at least ten (10) days before the public contract. Subject to the classification of the land, the board of education shall enter into a new lease on agricultural land before the expiration of an existing lease of the same land, and the new lease shall take effect on the day immediately following the day on which the existing lease expires. The advertisement of agricultural land for rent shall not be published more than six (6) months before the expiration of the term of an existing lease of the land. The board of education may require bidders to furnish bond or submit evidence of financial ability.
The board of education, at its option, may reject all bids or accept the highest and best bid received in response to the advertisement, or the board of education may hold an auction among those who submitted bids in response to the advertisement. If the board of education elects to hold an auction, no bidder shall be granted any preference. The opening bid at the auction shall be highest bid received in response to the advertisement.
(2) (a) If the board of education receives an acceptable bid in response to the advertisement and elects not to hold an auction among those submitting bids, then the holder of the existing lease may submit a second bid in an amount not less than one hundred five percent (105%) of the highest acceptable bid received if the holder of the existing lease (i) submitted a bid in response to the advertisement; and (ii) constructed or made improvements on the leasehold premises after receiving approval of the board of education during the term of the existing lease. For purposes of this subsection, the term "improvements" shall not include any work or items that are done customarily on an annual basis in the preparing, planting, growing, cultivating or harvesting of crops or other farm products.
(b) If the holder of the existing lease elects to submit a second bid, the board of education shall hold an auction among those who submitted bids in response to the advertisement. The opening bid at the auction shall be the second bid of the holder of the existing lease. However, no leaseholder may submit a second bid if (i) any rent, taxes or other payment required under his lease are past due; or (ii) he is otherwise in default of any term or provision of the lease and such default has not been corrected or cured to the satisfaction of the board of education after more than thirty (30) days' notice to the leaseholder of the default.
(c) If an auction is held, the auction may be conducted at the meeting at which bids are opened or at a subsequent regular or special meeting. The board shall announce the time and place of the auction at the meeting at which bids are opened, and no further notice of the auction is required.
(d) If no bid acceptable to the board of education is received after the advertisement or at auction, the board of education may, within ninety (90) days, lease same by private contract for an amount greater than the highest bid previously rejected in order to acquire a fair rental value for the lands. If no bids are received in response to the advertisement, the board of education may negotiate a private contract for a fair rental value, but the term of such contract shall not exceed nine (9) months. The board of education may take the notes for the rent and attend to their collection. The board has the right and remedies for the security and collection of such rents given by law to the agricultural landlords.
(e) If an existing lease is terminated before the expiration of the term originally set therein, upon finding that immediate action is necessary to prevent damage or loss to growing crops or to prevent loss of opportunity to lease the land for the current growing season, the board of education may negotiate a private contract for a fair rental value, but the term of such lease shall not exceed nine (9) months.
(3) Any holder of a lease on agricultural land that (a) was granted before July 1, 1997; and (b) has an expiration date on or after the first day of April but before the thirty-first day of December, during the final year of the lease term, may extend the term of such lease to the thirty-first day of December next following the expiration date originally provided for in the lease. If such lease is extended, the rent for the period from the original expiration date in the lease to the thirty-first day of December next following the original expiration date shall be one hundred five percent (105%) of the annual rent provided in the existing lease prorated over the period of the lease extension. At the expiration of the extended lease term or at the expiration of the original lease term if the lease holder does not extend such lease, the land shall be offered for lease as provided in subsections (1) and (2) of this section.
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SECTION 2. This act shall take effect and be in force from and after July 1, 1997.