2021 Regular Session
To: Public Health and Human Services
By: Representatives Currie, Bounds
AN ACT TO AMEND SECTION 41-29-137.1, MISSISSIPPI CODE OF 1972, TO DELETE THE REPEALER ON THE SECTION THAT AUTHORIZES MEDICAL DIRECTORS OF HOSPICES TO PRESCRIBE CONTROLLED SUBSTANCES FOR PATIENTS OF THE HOSPICE FOR TERMINAL DISEASE PAIN WITHOUT HAVING AN IN-PERSON FACE-TO-FACE VISIT WITH A PATIENT BEFORE ISSUING A PRESCRIPTION; TO AMEND SECTION 41-29-137, MISSISSIPPI CODE OF 1972, TO CONFORM TO THE PRECEDING PROVISION; AND FOR RELATED PURPOSES.
BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF MISSISSIPPI:
SECTION 1. Section 41-29-137.1, Mississippi Code of 1972, is amended as follows:
41-29-137.1. The medical
director of a licensed hospice, in his or her discretion, may prescribe
controlled substances for a patient of the hospice for terminal disease pain
without having an in-person face-to-face visit with the patient before issuing
the prescription. The provisions of this section supersede the provisions of
any rule or regulation of a licensing agency to the contrary. * * *
SECTION 2. Section 41-29-137, Mississippi Code of 1972, is amended as follows:
41-29-137. (a) (1) Except when dispensed directly by a practitioner, other than a pharmacy, to an ultimate user, no controlled substance in Schedule II, as set out in Section 41-29-115, may be dispensed without the written valid prescription of a practitioner. A practitioner shall keep a record of all controlled substances in Schedule I, II and III administered, dispensed or professionally used by him otherwise than by prescription.
(2) In emergency situations, as defined by rule of the State Board of Pharmacy, Schedule II drugs may be dispensed upon the oral valid prescription of a practitioner, reduced promptly to writing and filed by the pharmacy. Prescriptions shall be retained in conformity with the requirements of Section 41-29-133. No prescription for a Schedule II substance may be refilled unless renewed by prescription issued by a licensed medical doctor.
(b) Except when dispensed directly by a practitioner, other than a pharmacy, to an ultimate user, a controlled substance included in Schedule III or IV, as set out in Sections 41-29-117 and 41-29-119, shall not be dispensed without a written or oral valid prescription of a practitioner. The prescription shall not be filled or refilled more than six (6) months after the date thereof or be refilled more than five (5) times, unless renewed by the practitioner.
(c) A controlled substance included in Schedule V, as set out in Section 41-29-121, shall not be distributed or dispensed other than for a medical purpose.
(d) An optometrist certified to prescribe and use therapeutic pharmaceutical agents under Sections 73-19-153 through 73-19-165 shall be authorized to prescribe oral analgesic controlled substances in Schedule IV or V, as pertains to treatment and management of eye disease by written prescription only.
(e) Administration by injection of any pharmaceutical product authorized in this section is expressly prohibited except when dispensed directly by a practitioner other than a pharmacy.
(f) (1) For the purposes of this article, Title 73, Chapter 21, and Title 73, Chapter 25, Mississippi Code of 1972, as it pertains to prescriptions for controlled substances, a "valid prescription" means a prescription that is issued for a legitimate medical purpose in the usual course of professional practice by:
(A) A practitioner who has conducted at least one (1) in-person medical evaluation of the patient, except as otherwise authorized by Section 41-29-137.1 through June 30, 2021; or
(B) A covering practitioner.
(2) (A) "In-person medical evaluation" means a medical evaluation that is conducted with the patient in the physical presence of the practitioner, without regard to whether portions of the evaluation are conducted by other health professionals.
(B) "Covering practitioner" means a practitioner who conducts a medical evaluation other than an in-person medical evaluation at the request of a practitioner who has conducted at least one (1) in-person medical evaluation of the patient or an evaluation of the patient through the practice of telemedicine within the previous twenty-four (24) months and who is temporarily unavailable to conduct the evaluation of the patient.
(3) A prescription for a controlled substance based solely on a consumer's completion of an online medical questionnaire is not a valid prescription.
(4) Nothing in this subsection (f) shall apply to:
(A) A prescription issued by a practitioner engaged in the practice of telemedicine as authorized under state or federal law; or
(B) The dispensing or selling of a controlled substance pursuant to practices as determined by the United States Attorney General by regulation.
SECTION 3. This act shall take effect and be in force from and after July 1, 2021.