2007 Regular Session
By: Senator(s) Simmons
AN ACT TO ENACT A MINIMUM WAGE LAW FOR THE STATE OF MISSISSIPPI EFFECTIVE JANUARY 1, 2008, WITH ANNUAL INCREMENTAL INCREASES OVER A THREE-YEAR PERIOD; TO DEFINE EMPLOYERS AND EMPLOYEES SUBJECT TO THE MINIMUM WAGE LAW; TO EMPOWER THE MISSISSIPPI DEPARTMENT OF EMPLOYMENT SECURITY, OFFICE OF THE GOVERNOR, TO ENFORCE AND ADMINISTER THE PROVISIONS OF THE MINIMUM WAGE LAW; TO PROVIDE CRIMINAL PENALTIES AND A CIVIL CAUSE OF ACTION AGAINST EMPLOYERS FOR VIOLATIONS OF THE MINIMUM WAGE LAW; AND FOR RELATED PURPOSES.
BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF MISSISSIPPI:
SECTION 1. This act shall be known as the Minimum Wage Act of the State of Mississippi.
SECTION 2. It is declared to be the public policy of the State of Mississippi to establish minimum wages for workers in order to safeguard their health, efficiency and general well-being and to protect them as well as their employers from the effects of serious and unfair competition resulting from wage levels detrimental to their health, efficiency and well-being.
SECTION 3. Beginning January 1, 2008, every employer shall pay to each of his employees wages at the rate of not less than Six Dollars ($6.00) per hour. Beginning January 1, 2009, every employer shall pay to each of his employees wages at the rate of not less than Six Dollars and Fifty Cents ($6.50) per hour. Beginning January 1, 2010, every employer shall pay to each of his employees wages at the rate of not less than Seven Dollars ($7.00) per hour, except as otherwise provided in this act.
SECTION 4. As used in this act, unless the context otherwise requires:
(a) "Director" means the Executive Director of the Mississippi Department of Employment Security;
(b) "Department" means the Mississippi Department of Employment Security, Office of the Governor, established under Section 71-5-101, Mississippi Code of 1972;
(c) "Wage" means compensation due to an employee by reason of his employment, payable in legal tender of the United States or checks on banks convertible into cash on demand at full face value, subject to such deductions, charges or allowances as may be permitted by this act or by regulations of the department under this act;
(d) "Employ" includes to suffer or to permit to work;
(e) "Employer" includes any individual, partnership, association, corporation, business trust, or any person or group of persons acting directly or indirectly in the interest of an employer in relation to an employee. "Employer" shall not include any individual, partnership, association, corporation, business trust, or any person or group of persons acting directly or indirectly in the interest of an employer in relation to an employee that employs fewer than five (5) employees in a regular employment relationship. Nor shall "employer" or any provisions of this act be deemed to include or to apply to any person, firm or corporation, or other entity subject to the provisions of the federal Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938;
(f) "Independent contractor" means any individual who contracts to perform certain work away from the premises of his employer, uses his own methods to accomplish the work, and is subject to the control of the employer only as to the result of his work;
(g) "Employee" includes any individual employed by an employer but shall not include:
(i) Any individual employed in a bona fide executive, administrative or professional capacity, or as an outside commission-paid salesman, who customarily performs his services away from his employer's premises, taking orders for goods or services;
(ii) Students performing services for any school, college or university in which they are enrolled and are regularly attending classes;
(iii) Any individual employed by the United States or by the state or any political subdivision thereof, except public schools and school districts;
(iv) Any individual engaged in the activities of any educational, charitable, religious or nonprofit organization where the employer-employee relationship does not in fact exist or where the services are rendered to the organizations gratuitously;
(v) Any bona fide independent contractor;
(vi) Any individual employed by an agricultural employer who did not use more than five hundred (500) man-days of agricultural labor in any calendar quarter of the preceding calendar year;
(vii) The parent, spouse, child or other member of an agricultural employer's immediate family;
(viii) An individual who:
1. Is employed as a hand harvest laborer and is paid on a piece-rate basis in an operation which has been, and is customarily and generally recognized as having been, paid on a piece-rate basis in the region of employment;
2. Commutes daily from his permanent residence to the farm on which he is so employed; and
3. Has been employed in agriculture less than thirteen (13) weeks during the preceding calendar year;
(ix) A migrant who:
1. Is sixteen (16) years of age or under and is employed as a hand harvest laborer;
2. Is paid on a piece-rate basis in an operation which has been, and is customarily and generally recognized as having been, paid on a piece-rate basis in the region of employment;
3. Is employed on the same farm as his parents; and
4. Is paid the same piece-rate as employees over age sixteen (16) are paid on the same farm; or
(x) Any employee principally engaged in the range production of livestock;
(xi) Any employee employed in planting or tending trees, cruising, surveying or felling timber, or in preparing or transporting logs or other forestry products to the mill, processing plants, or railroad or other transportation terminal if the number of employees employed by his employer in such forestry or lumbering operations does not exceed eight (8);
(h) "Occupation" means any occupation, service, trade, business, industry, or branch or group of industries or employment or class of employment in which employees are gainfully employed;
(i) "Gratuities" means voluntary monetary contributions received by an employee from a guest, patron or customer for services rendered;
(j) "Man-day" means any day during any portion of which an employee performs any agricultural labor.
SECTION 5. Nothing in this act shall be deemed to interfere with, impede, or in any way diminish the right of employers and employees to bargain collectively through representatives of their own choosing in order to establish wages or other conditions of work.
SECTION 6. (1) Any employer who willfully hinders or delays the department or its authorized representative in the performance of its duties in the enforcement of this act; willfully refuses to admit the department or its authorized representative to any place of employment; willfully fails to make, keep and preserve any records as required under the provisions of this act; willfully falsifies any such record; willfully refuses to make the record accessible to the department or its authorized representative upon demand; willfully refuses to furnish a sworn statement of the record or any other information required for the proper enforcement of this act to the department or its authorized representative upon demand; willfully fails to post a summary of this act or a copy of any applicable regulations as required by this act; willfully pays or agrees to pay minimum wages at a rate less than the rate applicable under this act; or otherwise willfully violates any provision of this act shall be deemed in violation of this act and shall, upon conviction, be fined not more than One Hundred Dollars ($100.00). For the purposes of this subsection, each violation shall constitute a separate offense.
(2) Any employer who willfully discharges or in any other manner willfully discriminates against any employee because the employee has made any complaint to his employer, to the department, or to the director or his authorized representative that he has not been paid minimum wages in accordance with the provisions of this act, or because the employee has caused to be instituted or is about to cause to be instituted any proceeding under or related to this act, or because the employee has testified or is about to testify in any such proceeding shall be deemed in violation of this act and shall, upon conviction, be fined not more than One Hundred Dollars ($100.00).
SECTION 7. (1) For any occupation, the department shall make and revise such administrative regulations, including definitions of terms, as they may deem appropriate to carry out the purposes of this act or necessary to prevent the circumvention or evasion thereof and to safeguard the minimum wage rates established.
(2) The regulations may include, but are not limited to, regulations governing:
(a) Outside or commission salespeople;
(b) Learners and apprentices, their number, proportion and length of service;
(c) Part-time pay, bonuses and fringe benefits;
(d) Special pay for special or extra work;
(e) Permitted charges to employees or allowances for board, lodging, apparel, or other facilities or services customarily furnished by employers to employees;
(f) Allowances for gratuities; or
(g) Allowances for other special conditions or circumstances which may be usual in a particular employer-employee relationship.
(3) Regulations or revisions issued by the department pursuant to this section shall be made only after a public hearing, at which any person may be heard by the department, at least ten (10) days subsequent to publication of notice of the hearing in a newspaper of general circulation throughout the State of Mississippi.
SECTION 8. The director or his authorized representatives shall:
(a) Have authority to enter and inspect the place of business or employment of any employer in the state for the purpose of examining and inspecting any or all books, registers, payrolls and other records of any employer that in any way relate to or have a bearing upon the question of wages, hours and other conditions of employment of any employees; copy any or all of the books, registers, payrolls and other records as he may deem necessary or appropriate; and question employees for the purpose of ascertaining whether the provisions of this act and regulations issued thereunder have been and are being complied with;
(b) Have authority to require from the employer full and correct statements in writing, including sworn statements, with respect to wages, hours, names, addresses and such information pertaining to his employees as the director or his authorized representative may deem necessary or appropriate;
(c) Publish all regulations made by the department; and
(d) Otherwise implement and enforce the regulations and decisions of the department.
SECTION 9. (1) Except as otherwise provided in this section, no employer shall employ any of his employees for a workweek longer than forty (40) hours unless the employee receives compensation for his employment in excess of the hours above specified at a rate not less than one and one-half (1-1/2) times the regular rate of pay at which he is employed.
(2) The provisions regarding the payment of wages at one and one-half (1-1/2) times the regular rate of pay for overtime services shall not be applicable with respect to agricultural employees.
SECTION 10. (1) Every employer of an employee engaged in any occupation in which gratuities have been customarily and usually constituted and have been recognized as a part of remuneration for hiring purposes shall be entitled to an allowance for gratuities as a part of the hourly wage rate provided in Section 3 of this act in an amount not to exceed fifty percent (50%) of the minimum wage established by Section 3, provided that the employee actually received that amount in gratuities and that the application of the foregoing gratuity allowances results in payment of wages other than gratuities to tipped employees, including full-time students subject to the provisions of this act, of no less than fifty percent (50%) of the minimum wage prescribed by this act.
(2) In determining whether an employee received in gratuities the amount claimed, the director may require the employee to show to the satisfaction of the director that the actual amount of gratuities received by him during any workweek was less than the amount determined by the employer as the amount by which the wage paid the employee was deemed to be increased under this section.
SECTION 11. (1) Every employer subject to any provisions of this act shall keep a summary of this act, approved by the department, and copies of any applicable regulations issued under this act posted in a conspicuous and accessible place in or about the premises wherein any person subject thereto is employed.
(2) Employers shall be furnished copies of the summaries of this statute and regulations by the director on request without charge.
SECTION 12. (1) Every employer subject to any provision of this act or of any regulation issued under this act shall make and keep for a period of not less than three (3) years, in or about the premises wherein any employee is employed, a record of the name, address and occupation of each of his employees, the rate of pay and the amount paid each pay period to each employee and such other information as the department shall prescribe by regulation as necessary or appropriate for the enforcement of the provisions of this act or of the regulations thereunder.
(2) The records shall be open for inspection or transcription by the director or his authorized representative at any reasonable time.
(3) Every employer shall furnish to the director or to his authorized representative on demand a sworn statement of the records and information upon forms prescribed or approved by the director.
SECTION 13. (1) Any employer who pays any employee less than minimum wages to which the employee is entitled under or by virtue of this act shall be liable to the employee affected for the full amount of the wages, less any amount actually paid to the employee by the employer, and for costs and such reasonable attorney's fees as may be allowed by the court.
(2) Any agreement between the employee and employer to work for less than minimum wages shall be no defense to the action.
(3) The venue of the action shall lie in the circuit court of any county in which the services which are the subject of the employment were performed.
(4) The Executive Director of the Mississippi Department of Employment Security, Office of the Governor, shall have the authority to fully enforce this act by instituting legal action to recover any wages which he determines to be due to employees under this act.
SECTION 14. This act shall take effect and be in force from and after July 1, 2007.