2003 Regular Session
To: Public Health and Welfare; Appropriations
By: Senator(s) Huggins
AN ACT TO AUTHORIZE THE STATE DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH TO PROVIDE A VACCINATION PROGRAM FOR FIRST RESPONDERS WHO MAY BE EXPOSED TO INFECTIOUS DISEASES WHEN SENT TO BIOTERRORISM OR DISASTER LOCATIONS; TO PROVIDE THAT THIS PROGRAM IS SUBJECT TO THE RECEIPT OF FEDERAL FUNDS; TO DIRECT THE STATE DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH TO PROVIDE EDUCATIONAL MATERIAL ON THE AVAILABILITY OF VACCINES FOR MENINGITIS AND HEPATITIS A AND B TO PUBLIC UNIVERSITIES AND COLLEGES FOR DISTRIBUTION TO STUDENTS; TO CODIFY SECTIONS 41-2-1 AND 41-2-2, MISSISSIPPI CODE OF 1972, TO PROVIDE THAT ANY ADULT OR EMANCIPATED MINOR MAY PARTICIPATE IN PUBLIC HEALTH RESEARCH IN ACCORDANCE WITH FEDERAL LAW; AND FOR RELATED PURPOSES.
BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF MISSISSIPPI:
SECTION 1. (1) As used in this section:
(a) "Department" means the Mississippi State Department of Health, Bioterrorism Division;
(b) "Director" means the Executive Director of the State Board of Health.
(c) "Bioterrorism" means the intentional use of any microorganism, virus, infectious substance or biological product that may be engineered as a result of biotechnology or any naturally occurring or bioengineered component of any microorganism, virus, infectious substance or biological product, to cause or attempt to cause death, disease or other biological malfunction in any living organism;
(d) "Disaster locations" means any geographical location where a bioterrorism attack, terrorist attack, catastrophic or natural disaster or emergency occurs; and
(e) "First responders" means state and local law enforcement personnel, fire department personnel and emergency medical personnel who may be deployed to bioterrorism attacks, terrorist attacks, catastrophic or natural disasters and emergencies.
(2) The department shall offer a vaccination program for first responders who may be exposed to infectious diseases when deployed to disaster locations. The vaccinations shall include, but are not limited to, hepatitis A vaccination, hepatitis B vaccination, diptheria-tetanus vaccination, influenza vaccination, pneumococcal vaccination and other vaccinations when recommended by the United States Public Health Service and in accordance with Federal Emergency Management Directors Policy. Immune globulin will be made available when necessary.
(3) Participation in the vaccination program will be voluntary by the first responders, except for first responders who are classified as having "occupational exposure" to blood borne pathogens as defined by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration Standard contained at 29 CFR 1910.10300 who shall be required to take the designated vaccinations or otherwise required by law.
(4) A first responder shall be exempt from vaccinations when a written statement from a licensed physician is presented indicating that a vaccine is medically contraindicated for that person or the first responder signs a written statement that the administration of a vaccination conflicts with their religious tenets.
(5) In the event of a vaccine shortage the director, in consultation with the Governor and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, shall give priority for vaccination to first responders.
(6) The department shall notify first responders to the availability of the vaccination program and shall provide educational materials on ways to prevent exposure to infectious diseases.
(7) The department may contract with county and local health departments, not-for-profit home health care agencies, hospitals and physicians to administer a vaccination program for first responders.
(8) This section shall be effective upon receipt of federal funding and/or federal grants for administering a first responders vaccination program. Upon receipt of such funding, the department shall make available the vaccines to first responders as provided in this section.
SECTION 2. The State Department of Health shall prepare written educational information on the risks associated with meningitis and hepatitis A and B and the availability and effectiveness of available vaccines for these diseases. The department shall provide this written educational information to the Board of Trustees of State Institutions of Higher Learning and the State Board for Community and Junior Colleges to be used to inform students about meningitis and hepatitis A and B; and this information shall be included in students' admission packets.
SECTION 3. The following provision shall be codified as Section 41-2-1, Mississippi Code of 1972:
41-2-1. Any adult, as defined in Section 41-41-203(a), or emancipated minor, as defined in Section 41-41-203(e), may consent to participate as a subject in research if that research is conducted in accordance with federal law (Title 45 CFR Part 46: Protection of Human Subjects).
SECTION 4. The following provision shall be codified as Section 41-2-2, Mississippi Code of 1972:
41-2-2. Unemancipated minors may participate as subjects in research, if that research is conducted in accordance with federal law, with the consent of a parent or a guardian, as defined in Section 41-41-203(f).
SECTION 5. This act shall take effect and be in force from and after July 1, 2003.