2001 Regular Session
By: Representative Holland
House Concurrent Resolution 52
A CONCURRENT RESOLUTION PROPOSING AN AMENDMENT TO SECTION 171, MISSISSIPPI CONSTITUTION OF 1890, TO PROVIDE THAT JUSTICE COURTS SHALL HAVE JURISDICTION OVER FELONIES AS PRESCRIBED BY THE LEGISLATURE.
BE IT RESOLVED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF MISSISSIPPI, That the following amendment to the Mississippi Constitution of 1890 is proposed to the qualified electors of the state:
Amend Section 171, Mississippi Constitution of 1890, to read as follows:
"Section 171. A competent number of justice court judges and constables shall be chosen in each county in the manner provided by law, but not less than two (2) such judges in any county, who shall hold their officer for the term of four (4) years. Each justice court judge shall have resided two (2) years in the county next preceding his selection and shall be high school graduate or have a general equivalency diploma unless he shall have served as a justice of the peace or been elected to the office of justice of the peace prior to January 1, 1976. All persons elected to the office of justice of the peace in November 1975, shall take office in January 1976, as justice court judges.
The maximum civil jurisdiction of the justice court shall extend to causes in which the principal amount in controversy is Five Hundred Dollars ($500.00) or such higher amount as may be prescribed by law. The justice court shall have jurisdiction concurrent with the circuit court over all crimes whether felony or misdemeanor; but the Legislature may limit the felony offenses which may be heard in justice court.
In all causes tried in justice court, the right of appeal shall be secured under such rules and regulations as shall be prescribed by law, and no justice court judge shall preside at the trial of any cause where he may be interested, or the parties or either of them shall be connected with him by affinity or consanguinity, except by the consent of the justice court judge and of the parties.
All reference in the Mississippi Code to justice of the peace shall mean justice court judge."
BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED, That this proposed amendment shall be submitted by the Secretary of State to the qualified electors at an election to be held on the first Tuesday after the first Monday of November 2002, as provided by Section 273 of the Constitution and by general law.
BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED, That the explanation of this proposed amendment for the ballot shall read as follows: "This proposed constitutional amendment will provide that justice court shall have concurrent jurisdiction with the circuit court over misdemeanors and felonies as may be prescribed by the Legislature."