2000 Regular Session
To: Public Health and Welfare
By: Senator(s) Huggins, Burton
Senate Bill 2641
(As Passed the Senate)
AN ACT TO AMEND SECTION 43-47-5, MISSISSIPPI CODE OF 1972, TO PROVIDE THAT THE DEPARTMENT OF HUMAN SERVICES SHALL BE AUTHORIZED AND DIRECTED TO INVESTIGATE ANY ALLEGATION OF ABUSE, NEGLECT OR EXPLOITATION OF A PATIENT IN A CARE FACILITY IF THE ALLEGED ACTION OCCURRED AT A PRIVATE RESIDENCE; AND FOR RELATED PURPOSES.
BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF MISSISSIPPI:
SECTION 1. Section 43-47-5, Mississippi Code of 1972, is amended as follows:
43-47-5. For the purposes of this chapter, the following words shall have the meanings ascribed herein unless the context otherwise requires:
(a) "Abuse" shall mean the willful infliction of physical pain, injury or mental anguish on a vulnerable adult, the unreasonable confinement of a vulnerable adult, or the willful deprivation by a caretaker of services which are necessary to maintain the mental and physical health of a vulnerable adult. "Abuse" shall not mean conduct which is a part of the treatment and care of, and in furtherance of the health and safety of a patient or resident of a care facility.
(b) "Care facility" shall mean:
(i) Any institution or place for the aged or infirm as defined in, and required to be licensed under, the provisions of Section 43-11-1 et seq.; and
(ii) Any long-term care facility as defined in Section 43-7-55; and
(iii) Any hospital as defined in, and required to be licensed under, the provisions of Section 41-9-1 et seq.; and
(iv) Any home health agency as defined in, and required to be licensed under, the provisions of Section 41-71-1 et seq.; and
(v) Any hospice as defined in, and required to be licensed under, the provisions of Chapter 85 of Title 41.
(c) "Caretaker" shall mean an individual, corporation, partnership or other organization which has assumed the responsibility for the care of a vulnerable adult, but shall not include the Division of Medicaid, a licensed hospital, or a licensed nursing home within the state.
(d) "Court" shall mean the chancery court of the county in which the vulnerable adult resides or is located.
(e) "Department" shall mean the Department of Human Services.
(f) "Emergency" shall mean a situation in which:
(i) A vulnerable adult is in substantial danger of death or irreparable harm if protective services are not provided immediately;
(ii) The vulnerable adult is unable to consent to services;
(iii) No responsible, able or willing caretaker, if any, is available to consent to emergency services; and
(iv) There is insufficient time to utilize the procedure provided in Section 43-47-13.
(g) "Emergency services" shall mean those services necessary to maintain a vulnerable adult's vital functions and without which there is reasonable belief that the vulnerable adult would suffer irreparable harm or death, and may include taking physical custody of the adult.
(h) "Essential services" shall mean those social work, medical, psychiatric or legal services necessary to safeguard a vulnerable adult's rights and resources and to maintain the physical or mental well-being of the person. These services shall include, but not be limited to, the provision of medical care for physical and mental health needs, assistance in personal hygiene, food, clothing, adequately heated and ventilated shelter, protection from health and safety hazards, protection from physical mistreatment and protection from exploitation. The words "essential services" shall not include taking a vulnerable adult into physical custody without his consent except as provided for in Section 43-47-15 and as otherwise provided by the general laws of the state.
(i) "Exploitation" shall mean the illegal or improper use of a vulnerable adult or his resources for another's profit or advantage.
(j) "Lacks the capacity to consent" shall mean that a vulnerable adult, because of physical or mental incapacity, lacks sufficient understanding or capacity to make or communicate responsible decisions concerning his person, including, but not limited to, provisions for health care, food, clothing or shelter. This may be reasonably determined by the department in emergency situations; in all other instances, the court shall make the determination following the procedures in Sections 43-47-13 and 43-47-15 or as otherwise provided by the general laws of the state.
(k) "Neglect" shall mean either the inability of a vulnerable adult who is living alone to provide for himself the food, clothing, shelter, health care or other services which are necessary to maintain his mental and physical health, or failure of a caretaker to supply the vulnerable adult with the food, clothing, shelter, health care, supervision or other services which are necessary to maintain his mental and physical health.
(l) "Protective services" shall mean services provided by the state or other government or private organizations, agencies or individuals which are necessary to protect a vulnerable adult from abuse, neglect or exploitation. They shall include, but not be limited to, investigation, evaluation of the need for services and provision of essential services on behalf of a vulnerable adult.
(m) "Vulnerable adult" shall mean a person eighteen (18) years of age or older or any minor not covered by the Youth Court Act who is present in the state and who, regardless of residence, is unable to protect his or her own rights, interests, and/or vital concerns and who cannot seek help without assistance because of physical, mental or emotional impairment. The term "vulnerable adult" shall also include all residents or patients, regardless of age, in a care facility for the purposes of Sections 43-47-19 and 43-47-37 only. Nothing in this chapter shall be construed as authorizing the Department of Human Services to perform any investigation, evaluation or examination or provide protective services, essential services or emergency services regarding any resident or patient in a care facility. Notwithstanding the provisions of this subsection, the department shall not be prohibited from investigating, and shall have the authority and responsibility to fully investigate, in accordance with the provisions of this chapter, any allegation of abuse, neglect, and/or exploitation regarding a patient in a care facility, if the alleged abuse, neglect, and/or exploitation occurred at a private residence.
SECTION 2. This act shall take effect and be in force from and after July 1, 2000.