1998 Regular Session
By: Senator(s) Dearing
Senate Bill 2150
(As Sent to Governor)
AN ACT TO AMEND SECTION 27-33-31, MISSISSIPPI CODE OF 1972, TO PROVIDE THAT A SURVIVING SPOUSE SHALL NOT BE REQUIRED TO FILE A NEW APPLICATION FOR HOMESTEAD EXEMPTION IN ORDER TO RECEIVE SUCH EXEMPTION UNDER THE STATE HOMESTEAD EXEMPTION LAW; AND FOR RELATED PURPOSES.
BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF MISSISSIPPI:
SECTION 1. Section 27-33-31, Mississippi Code of 1972, is amended as follows:
27-33-31. (1) It shall be the duty of every person, who is eligible for and desires the homestead exemption provided for in this article, to comply with the following provisions:
(a) Except as otherwise authorized hereinafter, he shall make annual written application therefor to the county tax assessor on the prescribed form, on or before the first day of April, each year, beginning with the year 1975. Applications not actually on file on or before April 1 of the current year may not be filed, may not be dated back, may not be accepted by the assessor, may not be allowed by the board of supervisors, and may not be considered by the commission, excepting as provided in paragraph (b) of this section.
Any person who has on file with the tax assessor a valid allowed claim for homestead exemption filed on or after January 1, 1991, shall not be required (at the option of the board of supervisors reflected by a majority vote spread upon the minutes of the board) to annually thereafter reapply for such claim for exemption but shall be credited with such exemption each year so long as such person is entitled to homestead exemption on the same property and there has been no change in the property description, ownership, use or occupancy since January 1 of the preceding year. In the event changes have occurred in the status of the homestead in the property description, ownership, use or occupancy since January 1 of the preceding year, such person shall return the annual renewal application as provided in paragraph (s) of this section to the tax assessor on or before April 1 of the current year. In the event such person is still eligible for homestead exemption, he shall file a new application and provide all the information required under this section as for the initial application. However, the requirement to file a new application shall not apply to a surviving spouse who is still eligible for homestead exemption. If the deceased spouse qualified for the exemption provided in Section 27-33-67(2), but the surviving spouse does not qualify for such exemption, the surviving spouse must file a new application for homestead exemption.
(b) In cases where the Governor declares by written proclamation that the courthouse or other place that the tax assessor's office may be located is damaged to such an extent that it is not possible to accept applications for homestead exemption, then the Governor may extend the period for filing by a period not to exceed thirty (30) days.
(c) He shall make the application in quadruplicate.
(d) He shall make separate applications, as provided above, to the respective assessors if the property claimed for exemption lies in two (2) counties, first with the assessor of the county of residence, and then with the assessor of the other county, submitting at the same time two (2) copies of the first application, certified by the chancery clerk as specified by Section 27-33-23(f).
(e) He shall deliver to the assessor the application marked "original," the copy marked "duplicate," and the copy marked "triplicate."
(f) He shall retain the copy marked "quadruplicate" as evidence that the application was made and filed, which quadruplicate may be filed with the board if the original and duplicate are lost; and certified copies of the quadruplicate may be used when so ordered by the board, not later than the meeting of the board held in March of the year following the year in which the application was executed, under such rules and regulations as the commission shall prescribe.
(g) He shall state on the application the name of the owner of the property, and the number and status of all occupants of the home, other than the owner's family.
(h) He shall state the full name of the applicant, whether the same as the name of the owner or not.
(i) He shall give a parcel number, which shall clearly locate and identify it, and state the acreage contained, as prescribed in Section 27-33-27.
(j) He shall state the kind of title, or ownership right held, from whom and how obtained, and the names of all present owners.
(k) He shall state the number of book and page where the deed, or other conveyance or evidence of ownership, is of public record, or attach to both the original and duplicate application a certified copy of the conveyance by which title is claimed, or copies supported by affidavit of the holder, or by one who has seen and verified the original; or such other evidence of title as may be required by the commission; and the instrument by which title is claimed shall be placed of record, if it may be admitted to record.
(l) He shall state the price for which the property was sold and conveyed to the owner, the amount of the unpaid principal, if any, and the terms of payment thereof, if it was acquired by the owner after July 1, 1938, as evidenced by the date of the acknowledgment of the conveyance. The purchase price and the amount of unpaid principal shall not be required more than one (1) time.
(m) He shall state if any part of the dwelling or land is rented or leased, and the kind of business conducted in the home or on the land.
(n) He shall furnish all the information required by the application, which must be true and correct, and he must supply it in the event he does not prepare the application with his own hand. The information given on the application must not be made or inserted by the assessor or by anyone, except as furnished by the applicant.
(o) He shall make the original application in person or in such manner as may be provided under the rules and regulations of the commission; or it may be made by his agent or attorney, duly constituted in writing, and a copy of such written authority, duly sworn to and acknowledged or attested by two (2) competent witnesses shall be attached to each the original, the duplicate, and the triplicate application for homestead exemption; but the husband or wife may sign for the other if living in the same dwelling.
(p) He shall make affidavit to the application and to the truth of all statements made and answers to questions contained therein, and the oath may be administered by the tax assessor, a member of the board of supervisors, or any other officer authorized by law to take acknowledgments.
(q) He shall give such other pertinent information as may be required by the commission; and he shall promptly give any information requested, and answer any question propounded by the assessor or member of the board of supervisors.
(r) Any person who has on file with the commission a valid approved claim for homestead exemption filed on or after January 1, 1976, shall not be required to complete all of the information required by this section on an annual renewal application for homestead exemption. The annual renewal application, if required, may be filed on simplified forms provided by the State Tax Commission, so long as the applicant is entitled to homestead exemption on the same property and there has been no change in the property description, ownership, use or occupancy since January 1 of the preceding year. In the event changes have occurred in the status of the homestead in the property description, ownership, use or occupancy since January 1 of the preceding year, the applicant shall file a new application and provide all the information required under this section as for the initial application. However, the requirement to file a new application shall not apply to a surviving spouse who is still eligible for homestead exemption. If the deceased spouse qualified for the exemption provided in Section 27-33-67(2), but the surviving spouse does not qualify for such exemption, the surviving spouse must file a new application for homestead exemption. Any subsequent annual renewal application shall be mailed to the applicant for his signature, and the applicant shall return said simplified subsequent annual renewal form (if required so to do because annual application is still in effect in his county or because there has been a change in property description, ownership, use or occupancy) to the tax assessor in person or by mail, postage prepaid. The subsequent annual renewal application need not be given under oath.
(s) When an applicant has filed a timely application, but has failed to make known his eligibility for an additional exemption as provided for in Section 27-33-67(2), then an application for additional homestead exemption may be filed under such rules and regulations as the commission shall prescribe.
(2) The board of supervisors may authorize a charge of Fifty Cents (504) per subsequent annual renewal application, which is returned by the applicant by mail, to be used toward defraying the expense of the mailing process of the subsequent annual renewal application. The charge provided for herein shall not be assessed against any person returning the subsequent annual renewal application in person.
(3) In addition to any other fine, imprisonment or sentence which may be imposed for violation of the Mississippi Homestead Exemption Law of 1946, any person who violates such law through fraudulent application under paragraph (r) of Section 27-33-31, Mississippi Code of 1972, or by willful failure to notify the tax assessor of changes in the status of the homestead, when required to do so under subsection (1)(a) of this section, shall be guilty of a felony and upon conviction may be punished by a fine of not more than Five Thousand Dollars ($5,000.00) or by imprisonment for not more than two (2) years, or both.
SECTION 2. This act shall take effect and be in force from and after its passage.