1998 Regular Session
To: Judiciary B
By: Representatives McInnis, Brown, Comans, Formby, Green (34th), Hamilton, Maples, Moss, Vince
House Bill 1087
AN ACT TO PROVIDE FOR ENHANCED PENALTIES FOR CRIMES COMMITTED BY LAW ENFORCEMENT OFFICERS, PRISON GUARDS, SECURITY OFFICERS OR OTHER PERSONS PERFORMING LAW ENFORCEMENT OR SECURITY RELATED DUTIES; TO PROVIDE FOR NOTICE WHEN SEEKING ENHANCED PENALTIES; TO PROVIDE FOR SENTENCING PROCEEDINGS; TO PROVIDE FOR PENALTY ENHANCEMENT UP TO TWICE THE PENALTY AUTHORIZED BY LAW; AND FOR RELATED PURPOSES.
BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF MISSISSIPPI:
SECTION 1. The penalty for any felony or misdemeanor shall be subject to enhancement as provided in this act if the felony or misdemeanor was committed by a law enforcement officer as defined in Section 45-6-3, a prison guard, an employee of a private security firm who is a security officer or any person performing duties related to law enforcement or security.
SECTION 2. (1) For enhancement of the penalty for a felony offense to apply, the prosecuting attorney if the defendant is charged by information, or grand jury if an indictment is returned, shall provide notice upon the information or indictment that the prosecutor will seek the enhanced penalty provided in this act. The notice shall be in a clause separate from and in addition to the substantive offense charged and shall not be considered as an element of the offense charged.
(2) For enhancement of the penalty for a misdemeanor to apply, the affiant, the prosecuting attorney if the defendant is charged by information, or grand jury if an indictment is returned, shall provide written notice that the enhanced penalty will be sought as provided in this act. The notice shall be in a clause separate from and in addition to the substantive offense charge and shall not be considered as an element of the offense charged.
(3) There shall be no mention in the guilt or innocence phase of the trial or in any documents or evidence seen by the jury that an enhanced penalty may be sought.
SECTION 3. (1) Upon conviction or adjudication of guilt of a defendant where notice has been duly given that an enhanced penalty will be sought as provided in this act, the court shall conduct a separate sentencing proceeding to determine the sentence. The proceeding shall be conducted by the trial judge before the trial jury as soon as practicable. If, through impossibility or inability, the trial jury is unable to reconvene for a hearing on the issue of penalty, having determined the guilt of the accused, the trial judge shall summon a jury to determine whether an enhanced penalty should be imposed. If trial by jury has been waived, or if the defendant pleaded guilty, the sentencing proceeding shall be conducted before a jury impaneled for that purpose. Provided, however, that if the defendant enters a plea of guilty and waives trial by jury for the sentencing proceeding, the sentencing proceeding shall be conducted before the trial judge sitting without a jury. In the proceeding, evidence may be presented as to any matter that the court deems relevant to sentence. However, this subsection shall not be construed to authorize the introduction of any evidence secured in violation of the Constitution of the United States or of the State of Mississippi. The state and the defendant or his counsel or both defendant and counsel shall be permitted to present arguments for or against any sentence sought.
(2) In order to impose an enhanced penalty under the provisions of this act, the jury must find beyond a reasonable doubt that the defendant is a law enforcement officer or is employed in any capacity as described in Section 1 of this act.
SECTION 4. In the event it is found beyond a reasonable doubt that the offense was committed by a person described in Section 1 of this act, then the penalty for the offense may be enhanced by punishment for a term of imprisonment of up to twice that authorized by law for the offense committed, or a fine of up to twice that authorized by law for the offense committed, or both.
SECTION 5. This act shall take effect and be in force from and after July 1, 1998.