1998 Regular Session
To: Public Health and Welfare
By: Representatives Scott (17th), Holland, Bailey, Banks, Barnett (116th), Barnett (92nd), Blackmon, Bourdeaux, Bowles, Bozeman, Broomfield, Brown, Cameron, Capps, Chaney, Clark, Clarke, Coleman (29th), Coleman (65th), Comans, Compretta, Cummings, Davis, Dedeaux, Denny, Dickson, Eaton, Ellington, Ellis, Ellzey, Endt, Evans, Flaggs, Ford, Formby, Foster, Franks, Fredericks, Frierson, Gadd, Gibbs, Green (34th), Green (72nd), Green (96th), Grist, Guice, Hamilton, Henderson (26th), Henderson (9th), Holden, Horne, Howell, Huddleston, Hudson, Ishee, Janus, Jennings, Johnson, Ketchings, King, Livingston, Malone, Manning, Maples, Markham, Martinson, McBride, McCoy, McElwain, McInnis, Middleton, Miles, Miller, Mitchell, Moak, Montgomery, Moody, Moore, Morris, Moss, Myers, Nettles, Peranich, Perkins, Perry, Read, Reeves, Reynolds, Robertson, Robinson (63rd), Robinson (84th), Rogers, Rotenberry, Ryan, Saucier, Scott (80th), Shows, Simmons (100th), Simmons (37th), Simpson, Smith (27th), Smith (35th), Smith (39th), Stevens, Straughter, Stribling, Stringer, Taylor, Thomas, Thornton, Vince, Walker, Wallace, Warren, Watson, Weathersby, Wells-Smith, West, Williams, Woods, Young
House Bill 421
AN ACT TO AMEND SECTION 41-39-15, MISSISSIPPI CODE OF 1972, TO REVISE THE PROCEDURES FOR IDENTIFYING POTENTIAL ORGAN AND TISSUE DONORS AND REQUESTING DONATIONS, IN ORDER TO FACILITATE ORGAN AND TISSUE DONATION IN THE STATE OF MISSISSIPPI; AND FOR RELATED PURPOSES.
BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF MISSISSIPPI:
SECTION 1. Section 41-39-15, Mississippi Code of 1972, is amended as follows:
41-39-15. (1) For the purposes of this section:
(a) "Potential organ donor" means a patient with a severe neurological insult who exhibits loss of cranial nerve response or who has a Glasgow Coma Scale score of five (5) or less.
(b) "Potential tissue donor" means any patient who dies due to cardiac arrest.
(c) "Organ procurement organization" means the federally designated agency charged with coordinating the procurement of human organs in the State of Mississippi for the purpose of transplantation and research.
(2) Before January 1, 1999, each licensed acute care hospital in the state shall develop, with the concurrence of the hospital medical staff and the organ procurement organization, a protocol for identifying all potential organ and tissue donors. The protocol shall include a procedure for family consultation.
(3) The protocol shall require each hospital to contact the organ procurement organization by telephone when a patient in the hospital becomes either a potential organ donor or potential tissue donor as defined in this section. The organ procurement organization shall determine the suitability of the patient for organ or tissue donation after a review of the patient's medical history and present condition. The organ procurement organization representative shall notify the attending physician of the assessment. The hospital shall note in the patient's chart the organ procurement organization's assessment of suitability for donation. The organ procurement organization representative shall provide information about donation options to the family or persons specified in Section 41-39-35 when consent for donation is requested.
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(4) If the patient becomes brain dead and is still suitable as a potential donor, the organ procurement organization representative shall approach the deceased patient's legal next of kin or persons specified in Section 41-39-35 for consent to donate the patient's organs. The consent process shall be initiated with reasonable discretion and sensitivity to the family's circumstances, values and beliefs.
To discourage multiple requests for donation consent, the organ procurement organization representative shall make a request for tissue donation during the organ donation consent process. When the possibility of tissue donation alone exists, a tissue bank representative or their designee may request the donation.
(5) The option of organ donation shall be made to the deceased patient's family upon the occurrence of brain death and while mechanical ventilation of the patient is in progress.
The protocol shall require notation in the patient's chart of the deceased patient's family to either donate or decline to donate the patient's organs or tissues. The organ procurement organization shall provide a form to the hospital for the documentation. The form shall be signed by the patient's family pursuant to Sections 41-39-31 through 41-39-51. The form shall be placed in each deceased patient's chart documenting the family's decision regarding donation of organs or tissues from the patient.
(6) Performance improvement record reviews of deceased patients' medical records shall be conducted by the organ procurement organization for each hospital having more than ninety-five (95) licensed acute care beds and general surgical capability. These reviews must be performed in the first four (4) months of a calendar year for the previous calendar year. If the organ procurement organization and hospital mutually agree, the performance improvement record reviews may be performed more frequently. Aggregate data concerning these reviews shall be submitted by the organ procurement organization to the State Department of Health by July 1 of each year for the preceding year.
(7) * * * No organ or tissue recovered in the State of Mississippi may be shipped out of the state * * * except through an approved * * * organ sharing network or, at the family's request, to an approved organ transplant program.
(8) Any hospital, administrator, physician, surgeon, nurse, technician, organ procurement organization, tissue procurement organization or donee who acts in good faith to comply with this section shall not be liable in any civil action to a claimant who alleges that his consent for the donation was required.
(9) The Commissioner of Public Safety shall distribute information about organ and tissue donation to each location where driver's licenses are applied for or renewed. This information shall be made available to the Commissioner of Public Safety by the organ procurement organization.
(10) Nothing in this section shall be construed to supersede or revoke, by implication or otherwise, any valid gift of the entire body to a medical school.
SECTION 2. This act shall take effect and be in force from and after its passage.