1997 Regular Session
To: Judiciary B
By: Representative Perry
House Bill 1406
(As Passed the House)
AN ACT TO AMEND SECTION 9-11-2, MISSISSIPPI CODE OF 1972, TO PROVIDE THAT A JUSTICE COURT JUDGE SHALL BE A RESIDENT OF THE ELECTION DISTRICT THAT HE OR SHE SEEKS TO SERVE; TO PROVIDE THAT CERTAIN COUNTIES MAY ELECT TO HAVE THREE JUSTICE COURT JUDGES; AND FOR RELATED PURPOSES.
BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF MISSISSIPPI:
SECTION 1. Section 9-11-2, Mississippi Code of 1972, is amended as follows:
9-11-2. (1) From and after January 1, 1984, there shall be a competent number of justice court judges in each county of the state. The number of justice court judges for each county shall be determined as follows:
(a) In counties with a population, according to the latest federal decennial census, of thirty-five thousand (35,000) and less, there shall be two (2) justice court judges.
(b) In counties with a population, according to the latest federal decennial census, of more than thirty-five thousand (35,000) and less than seventy thousand (70,000), there shall be three (3) justice court judges.
(c) In counties with a population, according to the latest federal decennial census, of seventy thousand (70,000) and less than one hundred fifty thousand (150,000), there shall be four (4) justice court judges, except that in any county which borders the Mississippi River on its western border and borders the State of Tennessee on its northern border which may fall into the population category provided in this paragraph after the 2000 census may by a resolution adopted by the Board of Supervisors and spread upon its minutes elect to have three (3) justice court judges.
(d) In counties with a population, according to the latest federal decennial census, of one hundred fifty thousand (150,000) and more, there shall be five (5) justice court judges.
(2) The board of supervisors shall establish single member election districts in the county for the election of each of the justice court judges authorized and required to be elected for the county under the provisions of subsection (1) of this section. * * * One (1) justice court judge shall be elected for each district by the electors thereof, and each judge shall be a resident of the district that he or she seeks to serve. In any county authorized and required under the provisions of paragraph (1)(a) of this section to provide for the election of two (2) justice court judges for the county in which there are two (2) judicial districts, the smaller of such judicial districts, according to population based upon the latest federal decennial census, shall comprise or shall be wholly encompassed within one (1) of such election districts.
(3) Nothing in this section shall be construed to authorize or require more than five (5) justice court judges in any one (1) county from and after January 1, 1984, nor to authorize or require an increase or decrease in the number of justice court judges for any county during the term of office of any justice court judge.
(4) Notwithstanding the foregoing provisions of this section, in any county whose justice court districts drawn pursuant to subsection (2) of this section are, on November 8, 1983, being controverted in a court action or being reviewed pursuant to the procedure established by the Voting Rights Act of 1965, as amended and extended, those justice court judges serving on such date shall continue to hold office until:
(a) A final adjudication of the court action or approval of the new districts pursuant to the Voting Rights Act; and
(b) The election and qualification of successors of such justice court judges as provided by law.
SECTION 2. The Attorney General of the State of Mississippi shall submit this act, immediately upon approval by the Governor, or upon approval by the Legislature subsequent to a veto, to the Attorney General of the United States or to the United States District Court for the District of Columbia in accordance with the provisions of the Voting Rights Act of 1965, as amended and extended.
SECTION 3. This act shall take effect and be in force from and after the date it is effectuated under Section 5 of the Voting Rights Act of 1965, as amended and extended.